Classical conditioning in psychology is a learning technique that involves assigning new meanings or responses to stimuli that were not previously associated. It was introduced in 1904 by Russian Ivan Pavlov as a result of his observations of monkeys. Classical conditioning has become one of the main tools in behavioral psychology and is used in behavioral therapy.
What is classical conditioning? Definition of the concept
Classical conditioning is a learning process in which a response to a specific stimulus is elicited by another, previously unrecognized stimulus. It is a type of response to a stimulus that is learned as a result of repeated exposure and response to the stimulus. Classical conditioning has become one of the main tools in behavioral psychology and is used in behavioral therapy.
What does classical conditioning consist of?
Classical conditioning is a process in which a response to a specific stimulus is elicited by another, previously unrecognized stimulus. The attribution of new meanings or responses to stimuli that were not previously associated is the basis of classical conditioning. It is a type of learning in which a person or animal learns that a stimulus that previously did not cause a particular response can now be associated with a particular response.
Classical conditioning – elements
Classical conditioning consists of three elements: an evoking stimulus, a response and a reaction. A triggering stimulus is a situation or object that causes or elicits a specific response in a person or animal. The response is the reaction that is elicited by the evoking stimulus. A response is a learned behavior that is triggered by the evoking stimulus.
Pavlov’s experiment, and classical conditioning
Classical conditioning was first described by Russian Ivan Pavlov, who performed an experiment on monkeys. During the experiment, Pavlov discovered that monkeys could be trained to respond to the sound of a bell by providing them with a specific snack. After a period of time, Pavlov discovered that the monkeys began to respond to the sound of the bell even though no snack was provided, as if they were being rewarded. This discovery led to the theory of classical conditioning.